In this era of rising focus on the social and environmental costs and benefits of mining operations, the valuation methodologies used to assess such impacts become increasingly important. Within an industry dominated by an engineering culture that places emphasis on net present value (NPV) calculations using high discount rates, difficulties often arise when attempting to justify projects with longer-term, harder to quantify benefits. This is particularly so when these benefits fall in the social and environmental domains and involve other stakeholders. In this paper, we summarise the results of a recent literature review on this subject, which focused on the valuation of 'Beyond Compliance' initiatives in the mining sector. We discuss a range of approaches including the quantification of hidden internal costs, financial methods of incorporating risk into calculations, the integration of quantitative and qualitative information, and also the valuation of 'externalities' or costs and benefits borne by others. We then use a series of examples relating to the management of water in the minerals industry to illustrate how some of these approaches could be applied. There are high-level commitments from both individual companies and groups such as the ICMM to incorporate sustainable development criteria into decision-making processes within the industry. We conclude the paper by arguing that, to meet these commitments, there is a need for the industry to adopt a broader range of valuation methodologies than appears to be the case at present.

Publisher: Proceedings of the Water in Mining 06 Conference, AusIMM, Melbourne, pp 97-103

CITATION

Evans, R. et al. 2006. Beyond NPV: A Review of Valuation Methodologies and Their Applicability to Water in Mining. Proceedings of the Water in Mining 06 Conference, AusIMM, Melbourne, pp 97-103.

Beyond NPV: A Review of Valuation Methodologies and Their Applicability to Water in Mining
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Beyond NPV: A Review of Valuation Methodologies and Their Applicability to Water in Mining