ILO Policy Note: Inclusive business practices in Africa's extractive industries

CSRM Contributors:

Published by: International Labour Office (ILO)

This policy note is targeted at policymakers, social partners and ILO staff in the field working on sustainable job creation through the extractive industries and linkages to other sectors in developing countries. The policy note draws on previous research commissioned by the ILO conducted in Mozambique, Zambia, Cote d’Ivoire and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This work has focused at two levels: (1) at national governance of the extractives sector through the tripartite efforts of government, workers’ and employers’ organisations and extractive companies; and (2) the local level of enterprise development through business linkages between extractive companies and the local economies where they operate.

This policy note presents key factors contributing to inclusive extractive industries. Each of these factors is explained with reference to examples and lessons learned from African countries at various stages of development of their mining and petroleum sectors. It examines two countries in greater depth, namely Mozambique and Zambia. The final section concludes with recommendations to the ILO’s tripartite constituencies and key stakeholders in building more inclusive extractive industries in Africa.